The overview of the current social and humanitarian situation, within the territory of the Donetsk People`s Republic as a result of hostilities between 24 and 30 March 2018

News Overview of the social and humanitarian situation

 

On March 25, a terrible tragedy occurred in the Russian Federation. In the shopping mall of the city of Kemerovo, a fire broke out, which cut short the lives of dozens of people, most of whom were children. The whole Russia is mourning, and all open-hearted people empathize with those who feel pain and sufferings.

Like no one else, Donbass people understand this pain. For four years the merciless war has been taking the lives of our loved ones. There is the Alley of Angels in Donetsk – a memorial in memory of the child victims of the shelling. 76 children’s lives were claimed by the undeclared war of Kiev against their own people, more than a hundred children sustained wounds and injuries. And many children had to grow up too fast, because they orphaned as a result of Ukrainian shelling. Like no one else, we know how much grief parents who have lost their children endure. That is an irreparable loss. This pain can never be felt by others, it is a personal grief. That is an irreparable loss for the state, for its future, because those children could become talented doctors, educators, scientists, engineers….

Residents of Donetsk, as well as residents of hundreds of other cities, gathered in the city centre to honour the memory of the dead children and express support to the residents of Kemerovo. Dozens of white balloons flew into the sky in memory of the victims of the fire.

Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic expressed his condolences to families of the victims:

 “This is a huge tragedy and we, like no one else, understand what it means to lose children. We know how that feels. Words can’t describe this. Once again I want to express my condolences to the families of the victims. Nothing can be worse than loosing children. Donbass is mourning. Our sympathies are with you. This is our shared tragedy, our common grief,” said Alexander Zakharchenko.

 

Article 31 of the Constitution of the Donetsk People’s Republic guarantees state protection of childhood, motherhood and family. However, there is no state, unfortunately, that could fully protect its young citizens from wars, catastrophes and unexpected tragic accidents. Therefore, it is the duty of every adult to protect and cherish children’s lives.

The post of the Human Rights Ombudsman has been established in the Donetsk People’s Republic to ensure the state protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, to prevent any form of discrimination regarding the exercise of their rights and freedoms.

Citizens can apply to the Ombudsman in any suitable way. Now, the majority of applications are still verbal and submitted through personal reception either with the Ombudsman or the heads of the Office, addressing the Public Complaints and Appeals Department, via hotlines and via web-reception on the Website of the Ombudsman. There is a possibility to file a written complaint that may be submitted either in person or via e-mail.

Since 2018 the Ombudsman received 1603 appeals. In the period of work between 24 and 30 March 2018, 12 citizens visited the Ombudsman in person, 75 persons received counselling by the Appeals department, 22 citizens received counselling by the Working Group on Issues of Temporary Displaced Persons, and 12 persons received legal counselling. 25 calls were received via hotlines, 16 applications were received via e-mail, 10 written appeals were taken into consideration, 8 – have been reviewed among those received earlier.

All appeals received can be divided into six categories: violations in criminal law – 97 appeals, violations in civil law– 115 appeals, administrative and legal violations against the DPR citizens – 0 appeals, social and humanitarian issues – 774 appeals, issues connected with hostilities – 224 appeals, other issues – 393 appeals (diagram 1).

 

 

 

 

The number of appeals (complaints, applications) from citizens,  submitted to the Office of DPR Ombudsman as of 30.03.2018

 

 

 

 

 

Violations in criminal law

Issues of social and humanitarian affairs

Violations in civil law

issues connected with hostilities

Administrative and legal violations against citizens

other issues

 

 

 

 

 

Among all incoming correspondence to the Ombudsman of DPR, the one which deals with the issues of exercise of social rights of citizens and violations of these rights is the most frequent.  These issues are: pension and social payments, benefits, disability, humanitarian aid – 198 appeals, temporary accommodation – 265 appeals, issues of housing legislation, protection of consumers of housing and public utility services – 53 appeals, migration legislation issues – 110 appeals, labour legislation issues – 52 appeals, healthcare issues – 48 appeals, guardianship and family law issues – 21 appeals, issues of education, culture and sport – 7 appeals, activities of public associations, organizations and trade unions, religious organizations – 10 appeals, land use and tenure – 1 appeals, the rights of servicemen and law enforcement officials – 9 appeals. (Diagram 2).

The number of appeals (complaints, applications) from citizens on social and humanitarian issues, received by the DPR Ombudsman`s Office as of 30.03.2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

pension and social payments, benefits, disability, humanitarian aid

migration legislation issues

guardianship and family law issues

temporary accommodation

labour legislation issues

issues of education, culture and sport

issues of housing legislation, protection of consumers of housing and public utility services

healthcare issues

activities of public associations, organizations and trade unions, religious organizations

land use and tenure

the rights of servicemen and law enforcement officials

 

 

 

 

 

The majority of complaints are traditionally received from Donetsk, by territory (Diagram 3).

 

The number of appeals (complains, applications) from citizens, received by the DPR Ombudsman`s Office as of 30.03.2018

 

 

 

 

 

Donetsk

Dokuchaevsk

Kirovskoye

Torez

Ilovaisk

Amvrosyevka region

Starobeshevo region

Gorlovka

Yenakievo

Makeyevka

Hartsysk

Shakhtyorsk

Maryinka region

Telmanovo region

Debaltsevo

Zhdanovka

Snezhnoye

Zugres

Yasinovataya

Novoazovsk region

Other settlements

 

  1. Estimates of mortality, wounds to civilians and soldiers as a result of hostilities in the territory of the Donetsk People`s Republic.

Almost every day the DPR Ombudsman’s Office records cases of violations of Donbass citizens’ rights by Kiev authorities: right to life, to security of the person, to inviolability of the home.

On March 25, as a result of hostilities in Novoazovsk region, a DPR serviceman born in 1997 sustained blunt gunshot wound to the left shoulder joint, another serviceman born in 1966 sustained mine-blast trauma.

On March 28, as a result of shelling in Petrovskiy region of Donetsk, a DPR serviceman of 40 years old sustained shrapnel wound of the left shoulder, forearm, penetrating wound of the abdominal and of the chest.

Within the period between 23 and 29 March 2018, 3 DPR servicemen sustained injuries in the territory of the DPR as a result of armed aggression of the Ukrainian side.

Within the period between January 1 and March 29, 2018, 47 persons sustained injuries of various severities in the territory of the DPR. Among them, there were 37 DPR servicemen, 6 civilian men and 4 civilian women.

Within the period between 23 and 29 March 2018 – 5 persons died at the territory of the DPR. Among them, 4 DPR servicemen and 1 civilian woman that was wounded to death during the shelling in Gorlovka on March 25.

Within the period between January 1 and March 29, 2018, 32 persons died in the territory of the DPR, including 30 DPR servicemen and 2 civilians.

To be specific, since the beginning of the armed conflict   4599 persons died. Among them, there are 606 women and 3993 men, including 76 children under eighteen.

Officially confirmed information on individuals, who have been wounded since the beginning of the conflict continues to be reported to the Ombudsman’s Office in DPR.

  1. Register of the prisoners of war, missing soldiers

and civilians

On March 29, the leaders of the Normandy format made statements reaffirming their commitment to the full implementation of the Minsk Agreements. Also, they welcomed the ceasefire agreement, and called for more tangible efforts to exchange the remaining detainees under the formula “all for all”.

 “Once again, I want to remind that we are fully committed to the implementation of the Minsk Agreements, and the Donetsk People’s Republic has long been ready for the exchange of “all confirmed for all confirmed”.

I insist on a speedy exchange, there are no obstacles to perform it. But, as recent experience shows, plenipotentiary representatives of the Ukrainian side either are absent at the meetings of the humanitarian subgroup in Minsk or come up with various excuses.

I call upon the leaders of the Normandy format to influence the government of Ukraine. People on both sides of the Contact line must be released. The exchange will be an important step in the implementation of the Package of Measures for the Implementation of the Minsk Agreements,” said DPR Ombudsman Daria Morozova.

 

This week the Ombudsman’s Office in the Donetsk People’s Republic received one appeal on arrest. A man born in 1975 was detained in early March 2018 near Zaitsevo settlement, Artyomovsk region. He was accused of committing crimes set forth in Article 258-3 part 1 of the Criminal Court of Ukraine.

Based on the updated figures as of 30.03.2018, 287 persons are held by the Ukrainian side including:

80 of those whose presence on the territory of Ukraine had been confirmed. It has been reported on a judgement of acquittal and release of one person.

207 persons whose whereabouts are unknown or are being clarified by the Ukrainian side.

This week the Ombudsman’s Office in the Donetsk People’s Republic didn’t receive any appeals on missing persons.

As of 30 March 2018, 452 persons are considered missing. Hypothetically, they might be in Ukrainian captivity.

3. Register of forcibly displaced persons.

At the time of the armed conflict, civilian population living in the zone of fighting and near the contact line is often affected. With the view to protect human right to life and security of the person, and to provide assistance to victims as a result of armed aggression by Ukraine, Temporary Accommodation Centres (TACs) have been opened in the Donetsk People’s Republic. Any person can receive temporary accommodation there if they need it.

1224 IDPs now live in temporary accommodation centres of the Office, including 227 underage children. Since the beginning of the conflict 5365 referrals for temporary accommodation have been issued, 122 of them – in 2018. All the TACs are under the DPR Ombudsman’s inspection. The staff of the Office monitor the TACs on a weekly basis, with the view to respond promptly to the citizens’ needs. The Ombudsman makes every effort to improve social and living conditions for people who live in the TACs.

During the period of work between 24 and 30 March, 2018, 24 persons have applied to the Ombudsman’s Office on the issues related to internally displaced persons. Referrals for temporary accommodation were given to 4 of them: 3 persons accommodated in Donetsk, 1 – in Khartsysk. There are currently 1199 housing spots available for IDPs. Among them: 1199 – in DPR Temporary Accommodation Centres (including TACs of Ombudsman`s Office); 286 – in TACs of the Ombudsman`s Office.

It is necessary to remind that there are 7574 persons, including 1895 children under the age of eighteen registered since the beginning of the conflict. 63 temporary accommodation centres have been established within the territory of DPR, including the one in Sedovo that was put into operation this week. 55 of these TACs operate, 8 of them are held in reserve. The Ombudsman Office is in charge of 11 TACs.

Currently, 1459 individuals live in the centres, including 283 underage children, 4855 persons live in the housing fund of the DPR, including 1385 children under eighteen.

 

  1.  Employment of DPR citizens

The Republican Employment Centre is the main institution responsible for providing jobs to the population.

According to their data, 15.6 thousands of vacancies were available in the common database as of 30.03.2018. As of March 30, 2018, there were 16.9 thousand individuals who seek for a job, registered in the Republic Employment Centres. Among them: 11.2 thousand have been employed (4.7 of them – on permanent positions, 6.5 – temporarily).

Donetsk Centre of Vocational Education of The Republic Employment Centre organises regular free public workshops to train practical skills, such as work with personal computers; technique and mechanization of trade accounts (work with cash register machines); the program “1C: Accounting 8.2.”; fundamentals of entrepreneurship; processing and decoration of textile and clothing products etc. 59 persons participated in such seminars.