This week, a high level of military-political tension remains in the Donetsk People’s Republic. Thus, Ukrainian militants continue massive indiscriminate shelling of the DPR territories. In order to protect the civilian population of Donbass and prevent its further genocide, the military of the Donetsk and Luhansk Republics, with the support of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, is conducting a special operation announced by Russian President Vladimir Putin on February 24. Thanks to the coordinated actions of our military personnel, 160 settlements are under the control of the DPR, but the liberation of the territories of the Republic also continues.
Ensuring the security of our state takes place not only on the battle fields, but also in the legal sphere. Thus, by Order of the State Defence Committee of the DPR No. 5 of April 9, 2022, the OSCE activity on the territory of the DPR is recognized as unlawful, and the stay of its representatives is undesirable. The representatives of the organization must leave the DPR before April 30.
Legislative activity is actively carried out in the Republic to protect the national interests of the state, as well as its citizens. Thus, on April 11, 2022, the Land Code of the DPR was adopted by unanimous decision of the deputies of the People’s Council. Through this act, land relations are regulated in order to ensure the right of individuals and legal entities, municipalities and the state to land, ensuring the rational and efficient use and protection of land.
Also, special attention is paid to the educational process in the Republic. On April 8, 2022, an order was issued by the Ministry of Education and Science of the DPR on the specifics of conducting the state final examination on the main educational programs of basic general and secondary general education in 2022. According to the document, in 2022 the final examination in the Russian language and mathematics will be considered the result of the GIA and be the basis for issuing a certificate of basic general education.
In conditions of active hostilities, the civilian population is in the most vulnerable position. It is for the observance of the rights and freedoms of human and citizen that the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman in the DPR carries out its activities. Thus, with the assistance of the DPR Ombudsman Daria Morozova, the DPR Representative Office in the JCCC and the DPR Ministry MES, 13 children were returned to the liberated Nikolaevka. On February 20, schoolchildren from the village of Nikolaevka, which at that time was under the control of Ukrainian militants, went on a trip to the city of Svyatogorsk. With the start of a special military operation, the Ukrainian authorities, without the consent of their parents, took the children from Svyatogorsk to Lvov. And only a month later, the mothers managed to pick them up and deliver to Berdiansk, Zaporozhye region, from where the families were returned home.
An important condition for the return to the usual way of life of the civilian population in the liberated territories is the support of the state and society. Thus, artists of the Donetsk Republican Academic Puppet Theatre organized a cultural and entertainment program to improve the psycho-emotional state of children in Volnovakha.
The epidemiological situation in the Republic remains a topical issue. Thus, there is a positive trend in reducing the incidence of coronavirus infection. According to the DPR Ministry of Health, to date, 169,834 cases of COVID-19 infection have been recorded in the country. 17389 patients are in treatment, 10121 cases are fatal.
Since the beginning of 2022, the Ombudsman received 5771 complaints.
- Death toll and injuries to civilians and soldiers as a result of hostilities in the territory of the Donetsk People`s Republic
The DPR Ombudsman’s Office documents cases of violations of Donbas citizens’ rights by the Ukrainian side, including the right to life, personal integrity and freedom of movement.
- Register of the prisoners of war, missing soldiersand civilians
- Register of displaced persons and affected citizens
At the time of armed conflict, the civilian population living in the zone of fighting and near the contact line is often affected. With the view to protect the human right to life and security of the person, and to provide assistance to victims as a result of armed aggression by Ukraine, there social facilities (dormitories, preventative clinics, health care centres).
In accordance with the Order of the Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic No. 137 of 24.04.2018, territorial commissions in cities and districts are now responsible for accommodating affected civilians. They work under the supervision of the Republican Commission on Resettlement of Affected Persons chaired by the DPR Human Rights Ombudsman.