The overview of the current social and humanitarian situation in the territory of the Donetsk People’s Republic as a result of hostilities between 27 June and 3 July 2020

News Overview of the social and humanitarian situation

The week was marked by several significant occasions.

The threat of infection is still at a high level, in spite of the slack of restrictions, connected to the pandemic COVID-19. Today, 1194 registered and confirmed cases of COVID-19 were fixed in the Republic. 641 patients are treatment, 507 released from the hospital, 73 cases are fatal. Extremely important step to minimize the consequences of the pandemic for population in such emergency situations is the government’s support. Especially for doctors, who save hundreds people’s lives every day, imperiling own lives.

Medics of more than 40 establishments have already started getting payments for service in highly dangerous conditions of coronavirus due to the errand from the Head of the DPR Denis Pushilin. At the present time account of payments achieve by 100% from average wage per medical employee, in spite of his/her category.

It is still being sought after help in any crisis period for the least protected people. So, according to the Decree of the Head of the DPR No. 208 from 30 June 30 2020, all restrictions on the right of beneficiaries of social policies to free transport by all means of public transport, on suburban and intercity public routes were cancelled. At the same time the State continues the active work on the supporting and development of business-climate in the Republic. The Law “On financial renting (leasing)” came into force on 1 July, which is very important step for the supporting entrepreneurs, whose work was suffered from the pandemic COVID-19. Particularly, the law was directed to businessmen that start the activity and modernize business when they can’t instantly spend big sums of money, have an ability to take all necessary property or equipment in leasing. Moreover, this document will encourage the renewal of basic founds of management, increasing of manufacture, and therefore the tax base for further filling of the revenues of the Republican budget.

The above-mentioned governmental conclusions reflect the gradual getting of situation with spreading coronavirus under the control. According to this, the State is going to work on the issue of gradually opening own borders for countries with the favorable epidemiological situation. One of such countries is the Russian Federation. Since 1 July all wishing to cross the border can travel to Russia with any passport (with the stamp in a passport about registration in the territory of the DPR, or with address certificate) of Ukraine, the DPR and Russia without necessarily self-isolation and observation (p.7 Order of the Chief of the DPR №57 of 14.03.2020).

At the same time the Ombudsmen pays attention of civilians to different quarantine measures, established in the entities of the Russian Federation, and also urge inhabitants of the Republic to consider carefully the information about regions, whither they are going to go to.

The borders with the Luhansk People’s Republic are partially opened. At the moment to travel to the nearby Republic can next people: persons having permanent or temporary registration in the territory of the LPR; persons having good reasons for leaving (an official mission, a necessity of urgent recovery, serious illness or death of close relative); drivers implementing freight transport and persons accompanying cargos by freight transport. The leaving from the DPR for the LPR in case of having other circumstances is possible only with the conclusion of the Interagency operational headquarters for preventing delivering and spreading new coronavirus infection, caused by COVID-19.

It should be noted that the state border of the DPR with the adjacent territory of Ukraine is still closed. In the case of adopting any amendments citizens should be well informed.

The Ombudsman continues attentively explore and monitor current situation in the Republic, also call citizens for being careful and follow the essential sanitary-epidemiological norms.

Since the beginning of 2020, the Ombudsman received 2,837 complaints.

All received complaints can be divided into nine categories: personal rights – 1233 complaints, economic rights – 94 complaints, social rights – 377 complaints; guarantees of human rights in civil, administrative and criminal proceedings – 254 complaints; enforcement of human rights in penitentiary institutions – 68 complaints; enforcement of rights in the field of education – 4 complaints; enforcement of rights in the field of healthcare – 78 complaints; enforcement of rights of mothers, children and families – 23 complaints, issues connected with the political and military situation in DPR – 706 complaints (Diagram).

  1. Death toll, injuries to civilians and soldiers as a result of hostilities in the territory of the Donetsk People`s Republic

The DPR Ombudsman’s Office documents cases of violations of Donbas citizens’ rights by the Ukrainian side, including the right to life, personal integrity and freedom of movement.

Within the period between 1 January and 3 July 2020, 67 people, including 39 DPR servicemen and 28 civilians (including 6 child and 9 women) sustained injuries and traumas of varying severities as a result of armed aggression by Ukraine.

Within the period between 27 June and 3 July 2020, in the territory of the Donetsk People’s Republic 1 DPR serviceman died.

Within the period between 1 January and 3 July 2020, 27 DPR servicemen and 5 civilians died as a result of armed aggression by Ukraine.

To be specific, since the beginning of the armed conflict 4,932 people died, including 81 children.

Officially confirmed information on individuals, who have been wounded since the beginning of the conflict continues to be reported to the Ombudsman’s Office in DPR.

  1. Register of the prisoners of war, missing soldiers andcivilians

In the reporting period, the Ombudsman’s Office in the Donetsk People’s Republic didn’t receive any appeals on arrest.

Based on the updated figures as of 3rd July 2020, there are 103 people detained by the Ukrainian side. 465 people are considered missing. They could have been taken prisoner in Ukraine.

  1. Register of displaced persons and affected citizens

At the time of armed conflict, the civilian population living in the zone of fighting and near the contact line is often affected. With the view to protect the human right to life and security of the person, and to provide assistance to victims as a result of armed aggression by Ukraine, social housing objects (dormitories, preventative clinics, health care centers).

With the coming into force of the Order of the Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic No. 137 of 24.04.2018, Territorial commissions in cities and districts are now responsible for accommodating affected civilians. They work under supervision of the Republican Commission on Resettlement of Affected Persons chaired by the DPR Human Rights Ombudsman.

There are currently 915 accommodation places in the Donetsk People’s Republic available for citizens of this category. 64 social housing objects have been opened in the territory of DPR. 55 of them operate, 9 of them are held in reserve. Since the beginning of the conflict, 7,017 people, including 1,601 children have been registered as persons affected as a result of the conflict. Currently, 2,109 people live in social housing objects of the Donetsk People’s Republic, including 380 underage children, 4,908 people live in the housing fund, including 1,221 children.