January 27 – International Holocaust Remembrance Day. This date was established by the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) of November 1, 2005. The initiators of the document are Israel, Canada, Australia, Russia, USA with co-authors that are more than 90 countries.
Holocaust is from the ancient Greek holocaustosis, which means “burnt offering”, “death by fire”, “sacrifice”. In modern scientific literature and journalism it is the policy of Nazi Germany, its allies and accomplices in the persecution and extermination of 6 million Jews in 1933-1945. The Holocaust is based on the racial theory of Nazism, the idea of the superiority of the Aryan race, the idea of “world Jewry” as the main enemy of the German nation.
The persecution of Jews in Germany began in 1933, almost immediately after the Nazis came to power. However, they were subjected to systematic mass extermination during the Second World War. First, it happened in the processes of ghettoization (the creation of local closed settlements) and mass executions in Central and Eastern Europe. After that it continued in the period from 1941 to 1945, as a result of deportation to the death camps (Auschwitz, Treblinka and Belzec).
The memory of the Holocaust should serve as a lesson and a warning to each of us. Therefore, it is so important to preserve it without distortion and protect the modern world from Nazi wickedness.